The skin is the biggest organ in the human body. It surrounds the body and acts as a barrier to heat, light, damage, and infection. The skin is comprised of 3 layers, each serving a distinct purpose:
It is the topmost part of the skin and is composed of the following:
- Squamous cells – located on the skin’s topmost layer, they are continually discarded to form new ones.
- Basal cells – Located at the bottom of the epidermis, they manufacture skin cells pushing older ones to the surface.
- Melanocytes – They are also present near the bottom of the epidermis and are responsible for the production of the pigment that gives color to the skin (melanin).
It houses the skin’s blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, hair follicles, nerves, and sweat glands. The dermis also contains collagen, which helps maintain the skin’s flexibility and sturdiness.
Subcutaneous fat layer (hypodermis)
In terms of skin structure, it is located at the bottom and comprises collagen and fat cells. The fat layer provides insulation to the body and absorbs impact, giving protection to the body.
How do we age
There is much debate among scholars over the mechanics behind the aging process. However, it is generally recognized that age-related damage to genetic material, cells, and tissues that the body cannot repair is a primary cause of the functional decline associated with old age.
Observations on the aging process of our skin
- The epidermis reduces in thickness while retaining the number of cell layers.
- The quantity of melanocytes reduce while the surviving ones grow larger
- Changes in the connective tissue weaken the skin’s ability to stretch and contract.
- Weakening of the blood vessels in the dermis leading to bruising and bleeding beneath the skin
- Decreased oil production by the Sebaceous glands makes it harder to maintain skin moisture, leading to scaly skin and an itchy urge.
- Reduction of the subcutaneous fat layer, thus reducing your body’s insulation and padding.
- The sweat glands become less active.
How does aging skin look?
- Thinning – The skin appears to be transparent such that one may be able to see his/her tendons, bones, or veins very easily.
- Wrinkles – creases that form on the skin.
- Pale – skin appearing lighter than usual.
- Dry – skin appears scaly with rough patches.
Dangerous age-related skin conditions
- Skin cancer – the uncontrolled development of skin cells
- Psoriasis – Eczema-like red spots and white scaly scales are the main symptoms of this condition. Variable in size and location, these lesions are often seen on the scalp.
- Bullous pemphigoid – Itching and red, raised sores are common symptoms in the early stages of this illness. During the later stages of the disease, large, tight blisters may appear. The blistering phase, which may last anywhere from three to six years, can be deadly.
- Asteatotic eczema – This condition mainly affects the arms, legs, and hands. It is characterized by extreme itching exacerbated by temperature fluctuations, such as those experienced when changing out of your clothes at night.
Anti-aging treatment for the skin and whole body
- Nutrition and sport: Adding extra fruits, veggies, and whole grains to your regular diet is the simplest way to improve your health. Most are low in calories, fat, cholesterol, and salt. You receive a lot of fiber, calcium, iron, magnesium, and vitamins, all of which contribute to your overall health.
- The epidermis and all of the body’s critical organs benefit from improved oxygen and nutrient circulation brought on by sports. In other words, regular physical exercise helps maintain a youthful appearance on both the inside and outside of your body.
Botox is used to prevent wrinkles and other indications of aging. The drug is injected into the face’s muscular tissue and works by preventing the injected muscle from contracting, resulting in a smooth and relaxed appearance.
- Plastic surgery
This procedure is done to rejuvenate the appearance of an area of the body by transferring layers of tissue and skin.
- HGH therapy
Growth hormone promotes physical and mental development in children and tissue and organ maintenance throughout adulthood. The pituitary gland, situated near the base of the brain, is responsible for its production. As an individual approaches the middle ages, the pituitary gland decreases hormone production.
Synthetic Growth hormone may be provided to adults deficient in HGH, rather than the typical reduction in growth hormone that comes with age.
Here are some benefits of HGH for anti-aging:
• Improve exercise ability
• Strengthen bone density
• Increase muscle mass
• Reduce body fat
• It makes skin smoother and more moisturized
• Restores and maintain hair growth
How to protect your skin from aging and keep it young?
- Sun protection – Sun exposure depletes collagen necessary for maintaining the skin’s smoothness and firmness. It can dilate blood vessels, giving the skin a reddish tone. Additionally, it enhances the brown pigment in the skin, which may give the appearance of blotchy skin. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen protects your skin from the sun’s rays responsible for these symptoms.
- Water intake – Water is necessary for proper skin hydration and nutrition delivery to the skin cells. It aids in the replenishment of skin tissue and increases its suppleness, therefore delaying the emergence of signs of aging such as wrinkles and fine lines.
- Quit smoking – Smoking promotes wrinkling and the lack of flexibility that causes the skin to droop as individuals age; therefore, stopping will reverse these skin changes. Additionally, the color of your skin will improve.
- Moisturize – Using a moisturizer regularly will help decrease the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, giving your skin a more youthful glow.
- Reduce Alcohol intake – Alcohol is known to dehydrate the skin, preventing it from receiving the moisture and nutrients it needs to maintain a bright, supple, and youthful complexion. As a result, wrinkles, dryness, and sagging skin become more noticeable.